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防火板根据材质的分类特点

1、矿棉板、玻璃棉板:主要以矿棉、玻璃棉为隔热材料。其本身不燃、耐高温性能好、质轻,但不足之处有①短纤维对人体呼吸系统会造成危害,②板材强度差,③板材对火灾烟气蔓延的阻隔性能差,④装饰性差,⑤安装施工工作量大。因此,该种板材现已大部分演变成以无机粘结材料为基材,矿棉、玻璃棉作为增强材料的板材。
1, mineral wool board, glass wool board: mainly in mineral wool, glass wool insulation. Itself does not burn, good performance of high temperature resistance, light quality, but lack of points (1) short fiber on the respiratory system of human body will cause harm, II plate intensity difference, (3) sheet of fire smoke spread of poor barrier properties, decoration, installation construction workload. Therefore, evolution of the plate has been most into inorganic adhesive material as base material, mineral wool, glass wool as reinforcing material plate.
2、珍珠岩板、漂珠板、蛭石板:是以低碱度水泥为基材,珍珠岩、玻璃微珠、蛭石为加气填充材料,再添加一些助剂复合而制成的空心板材。具有自重轻、强度高、韧性好、防火隔热、施工方便等特点,可广泛应用于高层框架建筑物分室、分户、卫生间、厨房、通讯管等非承重部位。
2, the perlite board, board of the cenospheres, vermiculite with low alkalinity cement as base material, perlite, glass beads, vermiculite and gas filling material, then add some additives made of hollow plate. With light weight, high strength, toughness, fire and heat insulation, construction is convenient, etc., can be widely used in high-rise building frame building, household, bathroom, kitchen, communication and other non bearing parts.
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3、防火石膏板材:从石膏的防火性能被广泛接受以来,以石膏为基材的防火板材发展很快。该板材主要成分不燃且含有结晶水,耐火性能较好,可用作隔墙、吊顶和屋面板等。
3, fire gypsum board: from the fire resistance of gypsum is widely accepted, the gypsum as the base material for the development of fire. The main component of the board is not burning and contains crystal water, the fire resistance is good, can be used as partition wall, ceiling and roof panel, etc..
4、硅酸钙纤维板:是以石灰、硅酸盐及无机纤维增强材料为主要原料的建筑板材,具有质轻、强度高且隔热性、耐久性好、加工性能与施工性能优良等特点,主要用于制作天花板、隔墙以及作为钢柱、钢梁的防火保护材料。但板材强度和弯曲性能还有待提高。
4, calcium silicate fiber board: lime and silicate and inorganic fiber reinforced material construction plates for main raw material with lightweight, high strength and thermal insulation, good durability, processing performance and construction performance of excellent and characteristic. It is mainly used for production ceilings, partitions and the fireproof material of steel columns and beams. But the strength and bending properties of the plate remains to be improved.
5、氯氧镁防火板:属于氯氧镁水泥类制品,以镁质胶凝材料为主体、玻璃纤维布为增强材料、轻质保温材料为填充物复合而成,能满足不燃性要求,是一种新型环保型板材。
5, magnesium oxychloride fireproof board: belong to chlorine oxygen magnesium cement products and with magnesia cementitious material as the main body, glass fiber cloth reinforced lightweight materials, heat preservation material as filling compound and into, can meet the non flammability requirements, is a kind of new environmental protection plate.

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